History of the Caste System in India - ThoughtCo
The Vedic priests did not bring with them the caste system. The early Vedic people had a flexible social organization in which people could change their vocations easily. Different members within the same family practiced different vocations. But as they came into contact with hostile tribes and competing traditions, they resorted to caste system to preserve their identity as a group. Some form of caste system was already in vogue in ancient India , which in all probability the Vedic people adopted to maintain their racial purity and family lineages. This is evident from the fact in the entire there is no reference to the caste system except in the Purusha sukta which is considered by many scholars as a later day interpolation.
What is the Indian caste system and how does it work? …
BANGALORE, India — CASTE is not a word that modernizing India likes to use. It has receded to the unfashionable background. Newspapers reserve their headlines for the newer metrics of social hierarchy: wealth and politics, and those powerful influencers of popular culture, actors and cricket stars.
Others might present a biological explanation of India's stratification system, based on the notion that all living things inherit a particular set of qualities. Some inherit wisdom and intelligence, some get pride and passion, and others are stuck with less fortunate traits. Proponents of this theory attribute all aspects of one's lifestyle — social status, occupation, and even diet — to these inherent qualities and thus use them to explain the foundation of the caste system.
Quora: India's Caste System and U.S. Racism - Newsweek
While the United States and India do not seem tohave much in common, they do share one similarity (as do othercountries): stratification. India divides their people up intogroups called castes according to their Hindu beliefs andpossibly because of their past. The United States has a series ofsocial and economic classes that make up the population.
Entrepreneurs Rise in Ashes of India’s Caste System - …
Many Americans would be appalled to think that anything like caste could exist in a country allegedly founded on life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. After all, India’s atrocious caste system determines social status by birth, compels marriage within a community and restricts job opportunity.
Swami Vivekananda explains what the caste system really is.
Combined with the four "stages of life," the , , the system becomes the , , the " of classes and orders." One's duty, or , , in life depends on the variables of caste, sex, and stage of life.
Britain and the Indian Caste System - The British Empire
Castes are ranked, named, endogamous (in-marrying) groups, membership in which is achieved by birth. There are thousands of castes and subcastes in India, and these large kinship-based groups are fundamental to South Asian social structure. Each caste is part of a locally based system of interde-pendence with other groups, involving occupational specialization, and is linked in complex ways with networks that stretch across regions and throughout the nation.
Hinduism: Caste System, Reincarnation, and Karma
The word caste derives from the Portuguese casta , meaning breed, race, or kind. Among the Indian terms that are sometimes translated as caste are varna (see Glossary), jati (see Glossary), jat , biradri , and samaj . All of these terms refer to ranked groups of various sizes and breadth. Varna , or color, actually refers to large divisions that include various castes; the other terms include castes and subdivisions of castes sometimes called subcastes.