Russell Barkley: ADHD theory, diagnosis, & treatment summary

ADHD theory, diagnosis, & treatment summary

A handbook for diagnosis and treatment

In the 1970’s, experts began using the term “Attention Deficit Disorder” to describe the condition. While the condition is most often associated with children, there has been a more recent understanding the Attention Deficit Disorders (ADD, ADHD) continue into adulthood for many individuals. Symptoms such as inattention, impulsivity and over activity are now known to continue into adulthood for a significant percentage of children with ADD. Unfortunately, relatively few adults are diagnosed or treated for ADD.

In-depth guide to the diagnosis and treatment of ADHD in children.

The prevalence of ADD in adults is unknown; very few have been studied. In the few treatment studies of adults, there does not appear to be a significant sex difference. About two-thirds of the children who are diagnosed in or before elementary school with ADD continue to have behavioral symptoms in adolescence. During this time period, associated behavioral, learning, and emotional problems also manifest themselves. Approximately one-third to one-half of these adolescents continue to have symptoms of ADD during their adult years.

Because of the high prevalence of ADHD, this diagnosis is most commonly made by primary care physicians. Children are evaluated often at the request of parents, teachers, or counselors who suspect the diagnosis and observe externalizing behaviors such as impulsivity and disruptiveness or hyperactivity.


Symptoms and Diagnosis | ADHD | NCBDDD | CDC

The fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DMS-IV), published by the American Psychiatric Association, classifies three types of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder or ADHD (officially called Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder or AD/HD).

Adult ADHD: Evaluation and Treatment in Family …

UNIVERSITY PARK — Black children and children in homes where a language other than English is spoken are less likely to receive an attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) diagnosis by school entry, despite being otherwise similar to white children on many measured background characteristics, according to a study by a team of researchers. Their findings indicate that disparities in ADHD diagnosis begin to occur early in children’s school careers.

identification and treatment of AD/HD in women is ..

A lack of treatment for ADHD may result in some minority children experiencing more learning and behavioral problems as they start school, so that they quickly begin falling behind their peers.

Diagnosis and treatment of ADHD - Keystone First

While helpful to those challenged by this disability, such widespread recognition creates the possibility of improper diagnosis and inappropriate treatment. Now, more than ever, parents who suspect their child might have ADD or ADHD and parents of children who have already been diagnosed with the disorder need to evaluate information, products, and practitioners carefully."

Diagnosis and Treatment of ADHD - AmeriHealth …

“One practical application is that these groups of children may have unmet treatment needs," Morgan said. "Pediatricians, psychiatrists and school-based practitioners should be sensitive to the possibility that cultural and linguistic barriers are resulting in systematic under-diagnosis for some groups of children. Ensuring minority children are appropriately diagnosed and treated for ADHD may require overcoming these barriers."

Study finds racial and ethnic disparities in ADHD diagnosis

Accurate diagnosis is important because we can oftentailor psychotherapy, medication and other treatments for specific types of moodproblems.