oldest independent country in Africa and one of the ..
With this remark we see the need for an inquiry into the question whether "sovereignty" can become the instrument of liberation from colonialism. If "state" and "sovereignty" refer to a framework of "supreme coercive power," and such power is absent in "tribes," is this a justification for "domestic dependent nation" or terra nullius, or is it rather a challenge to state sovereignty as the organizing principle of the world? Are we at the threshold of a new way of organizing politics that will -- like the state before it -- rearrange everything from villages to the world?
"an independent, equitable, and ..
Courts have developed a variety of tests (“Control Test”, “Organization Test”) over the years to try and sort out where on the continuum between an obvious employee and an obvious independent contractor the line should be drawn to identify when there is an employment relationship. These tests act as a proxy for the real question the judges are asking themselves, which is whether the person looks more like a self-employed entrepreneur or an employee. If the person is an employee, then they are covered by all of the many entitlements and obligations that our law applies to the employment relationship. If they are not an employee, then the law treats them as a commercial actor–like a business, on other words.
I conclude that an intermediate category exists, which consists, at least, of those non-employment work relationships that exhibit a certain minimum economic dependency, which may be demonstrated by complete or near-complete exclusivity. Workers in this category are known as “dependent contractors” and they are owed reasonable notice upon termination.
What two independent nations occupy the ..
The critique of sovereignty jurisprudence is not just an academic matter. It is necessary to clear a space for "non-state" peoples to exist in the world. Can there be space -- in the world and in discourse -- for non-state societies, defined in their own terms? Is there a way to talk about indigenous self-determination without using "sovereignty"?
Countries of the World by Area - Nations Online
The western response to this "discovery" was "an effort to ... [make] everything speak ... with one voice." [108.] In this effort, non-state societies were given a "choice": to assimilate to the state system and give up their independent self-definition, or to maintain their self-definition and be denied a place in the world's legal and political order. The underlying assumption was that there is only one reality and it is western.
List of countries and dependencies by area - Wikipedia
So there are lots of cases in which workers who look in many ways like they are self-employed are nevertheless found to be employees by the courts. That’s true even if the contract between the worker and the company expressly indicates that the the worker “is not an employee, and is an independent contractor”. For example, see the Ontario Court of APpeal decision in , where insurance agents were found to be employees notwithstanding that their contract included the following language:
Is late-life dependency increasing or not
"Sovereignty" is not an immutable "fact," but a political choice made under certain circumstances which may no longer be relevant. The eclipsing of sovereignty in today's world threatens the international order of states and raises the possibility of new ways of understanding what it means to be a people. Half a millennium of "sovereignty" theory has not fully eradicated the "other" against whom sovereignty theory was constructed.
A comparison of the Cognitive Function and Ageing Studies (CFAS)
Ultimately, it is land -- and a people's relationship to land -- that is at issue in "indigenous sovereignty" struggles. To know that "sovereignty" is a legal-theological concept allows us to understand these struggles as spiritual projects, involving questions about who "we" are as beings among beings, peoples among peoples. Sovereignty arises from within a people as their unique expression of themselves as a people. It is not produced by court decrees or government grants, but by the actual ability of a people to sustain themselves in a place. This is self-determination.