What caused the Franco-Prussian War? - Quora
He was acutely aware that the French were itching to revenge their defeat at the earliest opportunity - and the loss of Alsace and Lorraine to Prussia would prove to be a lasting sore. Indeed, the French plan for war in 1914, , was largely based around the recapture of Alsace and Lorraine in the shortest possible time - with disastrous consequences.
What caused the Franco-Prussian War
French Army of the Rhine
The French are dug in along high ground
The battle begins at 8:00 , with the First and Second German armies advancing against French positions
They battle until 18:30, when the First German Army is defeated and retreats
The Second German Army battles on, lead by Prince Frederick Charles
More Prussian Troops arrive, and by 22:00 have "won" the battle
Instead of counter-attacking the Prussians, the Army of the Rhine retreats to Metz
Casualties are horrendous for both sides, with 20,163 German troops either killed, wounded, or missing
French casualties are 7855 killed or wounded, along with 4420 prisoners of war: total - 12,275
September 1, 1870
French Army of Chalons vs.
French casualties reached were 19,200 killed, wounded or captured.
August 16, 1870
Prussian 2nd Army and French Army
130,000 French soldiers leave Metz in order to link up with French forces
Spotted by a Prussian cavalry patrol
Despite being outnumbered almost four to one, the outnumbered Prussian force of 30,000 men, belonging to the Third Corps of the 2nd Prussian Army, decide to launch a risky attack after finding the French Army near Vionville, east of Mars-la-tour
The French are routed and the Third Corps captures Vionville, blocking the French from any further escaper attempts to the west
The Prussian Third Corps is shattered by the attacks, losing over half of it’s soldiers
At the same time, the French suffered equivalent losses of 16,000 soldiers
On August 16, the French had a chance to wipe out the key Prussian defense and to escape
Instead, two Prussian corps attack the French advanced guard believing it was the rearguard of the retreating French Army of the Meuse
Dispite this misjudgment, the two Prussian corps hold off the entire French army for the whole day, despite being outnumber 5 to 1
The Prussians loose a large amount of men, but win a tactical victory
The French had lost the opportunity to win a decisive victory
Largest battle of the Franco-Prussian War
German First and Second Armies vs.
Causes of the Franco Prussian War &
This disorganization hampered the French commanders' ability to exercise control of their forces
The Prussian military education system was superior to the French model
In the 1860's, two major reforms were put into place that greatly increased the military power of Germany
The first was a reorganization of the army that integrated the regular army and the Landwehr reserves
The second was the provision for the conscription of every male Prussian of military age in the event of mobilization
Thus, despite the population of France being greater than the population of all of the German states that participated in the war, the Germans mobilized more soldiers for battle.
Both Austria and Denmark wanted to go to war against Prussia, but had no faith in France
France also failed to crate alliances with the Russian Empire and the United Kingdom
In the end, France faces Prussia alone
The Prussian Army holds a brief victory parade in Paris on February 17,1871, then withdraws
they allow trainloads of food into Paris and Prussian forces withdraw to the east of the city
they will fully withdrawal once France agreed to pay 5,000,000,000 francs in war reparations
Prussian forces occupy the provinces of Alsace and Lorraine
The French rifle, the Chassepot, had a far longer range then the German Dreyse needle gun
The French had an early machine-gun type weapon, the mitrailleause, which could fire it’s twenty five barrels at a range of 1800 m.
The French used bronze, rifled muzzle-loading artillery, while the Prussians used new steel breech-loading guns
The Prussian breech loaders had far longer range than the muzzle-loading guns and could also be fired faster.
The Prussians used the Krupp C64 field gun, which was their main artillery piece during the war.
The Crimean War: immediate causes - Victorian Web
The following day, August 1, Germany declared war on Russia and German troops began moving into Luxembourg in preparation for invading Belgium and France. As a result, France began mobilizing that day. With France being pulled into the conflict through its alliance to Russia, Britain contacted Paris on August 2 and offered to protect the French coast from naval attack.
Franco-Prussian War - Wikipedia
Early on July 31, Russia began a full mobilization of its forces in preparation for war with Austria-Hungary. This pleased Bethmann-Hollweg who was able to couch German mobilization later that day as a response to the Russians even though it was scheduled to begin regardless. Concerned about the escalating situation, French Premier Raymond Poincaré and Prime Minister René Viviani urged Russia not to provoke war with Germany. Shortly thereafter the French government was informed that if the Russian mobilization did not cease, then Germany would attack France.