Examples of Using Critical Thinking to Make Decisions …
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Critical thinking and research Definition
White (2007) presented a novel way to test levels of understanding. He proposed writing two test questions on a topic, allowing students to choose only one of those to answer. The first is written for the knowledge and comprehension levels (e.g., key verbs: list, describe), and the second is written for the higher critical thinking levels of application, analysis, and synthesis. Points possible would be indicated for each, so that students would recognize that only those answering the second could be awarded maximum points toward an A+ grade. The option to choose enables the less able student to better demonstrate what he does know and perhaps earn a B grade, rather than risk failure because of an inability to demonstrate critical thinking. For either question, students could fail.
1) critical thinking is not just thinking, but thinking which entails self-improvement
2) this improvement comes from skill in using standards by which one appropriately assesses thinking. To put it briefly, it is self-improvement (in thinking) through standards (that assess thinking).
a book of critical thinking activities for students
Critical thinking should not be confused with beingargumentative or being critical of other people. Althoughcritical thinking skills can be used in exposing fallacies andbad reasoning, critical thinking can also play an important rolein cooperative reasoning and constructive tasks. Criticalthinking can help us acquire knowledge, improve our theories, andstrengthen arguments. We can use critical thinking to enhancework processes and improve social institutions.
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Critical thinking is not a matter of accumulating information.A person with a good memory and who knows a lot of facts is notnecessarily good at critical thinking. A critical thinker is ableto deduce consequences from what he knows, and he knows how tomake use of information to solve problems, and to seek relevantsources of information to inform himself.
Design Thinking – Reflective Essay | The Marketing …
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» Newspapers and Thinking the Unthinkable Clay Shirky
Some people believe that critical thinking hinders creativity because it requires following the rules of logic and rationality, but creativitymight require breaking rules. This is a misconception. Critical thinkingis quite compatible with thinking "out-of-the-box", challenging consensusand pursuing less popular approaches. If anything, critical thinking isan essential part of creativity because we need critical thinkingto evaluate and improve our creative ideas.