The cosmological argument is basically an argument about causation.

Hume takes on the approach of arguing against the argument of design, while Paley argues for it.

The argument from reason is an ontological argument....

What is it about the universe, then, that requires explanation? The argument from fine-tuning suggests that the fitness of the universe for life either involves a series of staggering coincidences, or is the result of intelligent design.

Arguments for and against the existence of a Creator abound, but two of these stand above the rest.

Most of these arguments can be termed as ontological.

Each example makes it less likely that the universe was created at random and more likely that it was designed by a Creator that takes an interest in humanity. Once all of this evidence is taken into account, the argument from design concludes, there can be no question as to whether the universe just happens to be fit for life or whether it was deliberately created that way; the universe clearly exhibits the marks of intelligent design.

Let’s take a look at the McCloskey’s second argument, the teleological argument.

Nor is it an objection to Paley’s argument that the flaws in the universe, the disorder or failure to accomplish its purpose, count against the claim that it is designed. Even in a watch that sometimes breaks, or runs slow, ordered complexity suggest design; the same must surely hold for the universe.

The argument from design, then, has been destroyed as a reason for believing in a god.


The Argument from Design - Existence of God

Arguments which contain fallacies are described as . They often appear valid and convincing; sometimes only close inspection reveals the logical flaw.

Argument from Design by Peter Kreeft

McCloskey delves into both the Cosmological and Teleological arguments, which within he criticizes the arguments and to further his argument against theism, he also presents the Problem of Evil and why evil cannot possibly exist with a perfect God being the creator of universe....

Answering the Biochemical Argument from Design

Despite flaws and problems found in some ontological arguments and the objections raised to those arguments, ontological arguments still provide a phenomenal vehicle for ontological discussion through St....

Natasha Jen's "Design Thinking is Bullshit" Argument - …

McCloskey claims that the cosmological argument “does not entitle us to postulate an all-powerful, all-prefect, uncaused cause.” The argument does not state there is a God, but it makes a claim that something caused everything to come into existence.

What is the best evidence/argument for intelligent design?

Medieval philosopher Saint Thomas Aquinas expanded upon their ideas in the late 13th Century when he wrote, “The Five Ways.” Since then the Cosmological Argument has become one of the most widely accepted and criticized arguments for the existence of God.

William Paley, "The Teleological Argument" - Lander …

That's not an argument; it's a conditional statement. It doesn't state the premises necessary to support its conclusion, and even if you add those assertions it suffers from a number of other flaws which are described in more detail in the document.