Beliefs and theology are important to Pentecostals

This "Statement of Fundamental Truths" contains the 16 doctrines of the Assemblies of God
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Natural Theology | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

A few did know better. In his letter to Conduitt after Newton'sdeath, John Craig mentioned Newton's extensive religious studyand said that he had not published his theological writings "becausethey show'd that his thoughts were some times different form thosewhich are commonly receiv'd, which would engage him in disputes,and this was a thing which he avoided as much as possible."[Keynes MS 132.] Conduitt, who scarcely needed Craig's instructionin the matter, made his reference, in the sketch of Newton's lifethat he sent to Fontenelle, even more elliptical. Newton believedfirmly in revealed religion, he told Fontenelle, "but hisnotion of the Xtian religion was not founded on a narrow bottom,nor his charity and morality so scanty as to shew a coldness tothose who thought otherwise than he did in matters indifferent..."[Keynes MS 129A, p. 22.]

Many epistemological theories draw at least in part from the intuitive distinction between analytic and synthetic truths. Considering Feldman’s Modest Foundationalism (MF) as one example, all individual beliefs rely at some point on either direct response to experience or analytic truths.
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Ancient Greek Philosophy | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

At home during the plague years, he studied the nature of light and the construction of telescopes. By a variety of experiments upon sunlight refracted through a prism, he concluded that rays of light which differ in colour, differ also in refrangibility - a discovery which suggested that the indistinctness of the image formed by the object-glass of telescopes was due to the different-coloured rays of light being brought to a focus at different distances. He concluded (rightly for an object-glass consisting of a single lens) that it was impossible to produce a distinct image, and was thus led to the construction of reflecting telescopes, perfected by William Herschel and the Earl of Rosse. At the same time, he was working out his ideas on planetary motion.

The distinction between the two truths (satyadvayavibhaga) is of great importance for the Madhyamaka school, as it forms a cornerstone of their beliefs; in Nāgārjuna's Mūlamadhyamakakārika, for example, it is used to defend the identification of pratītyasamutpāda with śūnyatā.
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h. Transgression of the Doctrine of Christ
Wherefore, it is a transgression of the Doctrine of Christ to say that Jesus Christ derived the title, Son of God, solely from the fact of the incarnation, or because of His relation to the economy of redemption. Therefore, to deny that the Father is a real and eternal Father, and that the Son is a real and eternal Son, is a denial of the distinction and relationship in the Being of God; a denial of the Father, and the Son; and a displacement of the truth that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh.

There are no absolute truths | Socratic Society
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Catholic Beliefs - St. Thomas Aquinas Forum

for Newton, to whom prophecy was the very essence of revelation,the most essential thing about Christ was not his special relationto god but his special relation to prophecy. To the original trueworship of the sons of Noah, he asserted, "Nothing more hasbeen added... with relation to Jesus Christ then to believe inthe predictions of the holy Ghost by the Prophets concerning him,viz that he is the Messiah and the son of man predicted by Danieland ye son of God predicted by David in the 2nd Psalm, and theLamb of god predicted in ye Pascal Lamb by Moses, andc."[Yahuda MS 7.3k, no. f. before f. 1.] Whenever Newton attemptedto summarize the true religion in a series of articles, a furtheraspect of the special relation of Jesus to prophecy always appeared.

Relativism and Ethics: What is Truth - does it matter?

The true religion was propagated by Noah to his posterity,and when they revolted to ye worship of their dead Kings and Herosand thereby denied their God and ceased to be his people, it continuedin Abraham and his posterity who revolted not. And when they beganto worship the Gods of Egypt and Syria, Moses and the Prophetsreclaimed them from time to time till they rejected the Messiahfrom being their Lord, and he rejected them from being his peopleand called the Gentiles, and thence forward the believers bothJews and Gentiles became his people. [Yahuda MS 15.3, f. 57.]

Relativism and Ethics: What is Truth - does it matter

The core tenets of the Christian faith have been taught formillennia within the one, holy, apostolic Catholic Church. The beliefs of the Church havebeen revealed by Jesus Christ, the Son of God and through the Holy Spirit, the spirit oftruth. The following brief synopses of Catholic teachings lay at the core of the faith andserve as an introduction to the beliefs of Catholics and the foundation of truth.