Durkheim’s Four Types of Suicide | chilenabravo

Durkheim identified four causes of suicide: egoism, altruism, anomie and fatalism.
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Apr 26, 2011 · Durkheim’s Four Types of Suicide

is experienced when a person is unclear of what is socially expected of them.
Organic Specialization:
when different parts perform a specialized task to benefit a larger system.
The human body is an example of an organic specialization, all the vital organs must work together in order for the body to function.
other examples: group project, nation, sports team, office.
"Durkheim believed that the division of labor makes people depend on one another and thus help create unity in a society." - World Book Encyclopedia (D-5)
Examples: self-sacrifice, military objectives
Examples: elderly people who lose their ties with family or friends, weakened bonds from retiring or loss of job, family and friends
Example: slavery, extensive jail time
Examples: teenagers, sexually or physically abused victims

He came up with four different forms of suicide which are: egoistic, altruistic, anomic, and fatalistic.
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Durkheim’s third type of suicide is Anomic Suicide

Fatalistic Suicide
Suicide committed when an individual does not any other way of improving his/her life other than ending it.
Anomie Theory

To do this one must understand and use the different theoretical perspectives created by Marx, Durkheim, and Weber.
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Additionally, the student retention research aim has shifted the a focus on student drop-out and persistence to the current narrative focusing on student engagement. This shift can be characterized as a move to a more positive means of discussing this issue, rather than the negative tone of student drop-out or lack of student persistence. However, the change in the narrative’s perspective, in my opinion, actually reinforces many of the above mentioned points. By discussing and researching student engagement, the focus is once again not directly on the community or society (higher education), but it is placed back on the individual (the student). By reviving Durkheim’s notion that suicide is caused by tendencies found in communities themselves and combining that with an investigation of academic communities in higher education through social capital theory leads to the emergence of a new possible analogy for student drop-out: fatalistic suicide.

By learning about the categories of suicide we can better diagnose the types of those are more prominent in the United States of America....
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ultimately supporting Durkheim’s anomie theory.

Of those who died by suicide in 2010, 78.9% were male and 21.1% were female.” (Parker-Pope, 2013) Emile Durkheim had many theories about suicide in the role of society in terms of the direction an individual decides to take in life.

The second type of suicide is anomic suicide, ..

But more fundamentally, assigning causation of student departure to individual (student) characteristics stands in stark contrast to the theoretical underpinnings of Durkheim’s work on suicide. Durkheim asserted that certain social tendencies cause suicides in societies and not individual characteristics. If student drop-out is to be typified by a certain Durkheimian suicide “type,” then certain social facts/tendencies must exist in those societies (academic communities) to cause these specific types of suicides; otherwise, according to Durkheim, these suicide types cannot occur in that society.

Durkheim’s Theory of Suicide | ishitakarra

The focus of this article will be first to explore Durkheim’s theoretical foundations of suicide. Following this, an exploration of the characteristics of academic communities (higher education) will be presented built upon Bourdieu’s theory of symbolic violence. Combining these two theoretical perspectives, the theoretical appropriateness of egotistical suicide will be re-examined as an analogy for student departure. Consequently, Durkheim’s fatalistic suicide types, will be presented as more suitable analogy for student dropout.

Durkheim’s Egoistic Suicide | The Roadrunner Theorist

It is also argued that he was confused between the distinction between egoism and anomie, and that he failed to substantiate his claims of the existence of altruism and fatalism; this is argued to such an extent that it has even been suggested that there is only one cause of suicide (egoism) that Durkheim could claim to be true.

Emile Durkheim: The Rules of Sociological Method and …

Durkheim’s theory of suicide provides a fruitful vehicle for summarizing a large proportion of current research, and focusing future attention on the interaction between student attributes (i.e., dispositions, interests, attitudes, and skills) and the influences, expectations, and demands imposed by various sources in the university environment (p. 64).