The Enlightenment throughout Europe - World history

The Enlightenment throughout Europe

What Is Spiritual Enlightenment or Spiritual Awakening?

These skeptical arguments and causal notions have resonated in both philosophy and science to the present day.

An important note about Enlightenment philosophical thought is the noticeable shift away from metaphysics and toward epistemology.

The Enlightenment (also known as the Age of Enlightenment or the Age of Reason; in French: le Siècle des Lumières, lit. '"the Century of Lights"'; and in German: Aufklärung, "Enlightenment") was an intellectual and philosophical movement that dominated the world of ideas in Europe during the 18th century, "The Century of Philosophy".

Enlightenment in Spain - Wikipedia

The distance British colonists enjoyed from their kings made direct rule nearly impossible. The Virginia House of Burgesses was the first representative assembly in the Western Hemisphere. The Pilgrims committed themselves to self rule in the form of the Mayflower Compact before they had ever set foot on the new continent. Town meetings were quickly the norm throughout New England. The Quaker faith made equality a practice in the community and the meetinghouse throughout the Middle Colonies. All these important steps toward independence were already realized by the American colonists before 1700. Events in the early part of the eighteenth century made independence from Britain even more inevitable.

Central to Enlightenment thought were the use and the celebration of reason, the power by which man understands the universe and improves his own condition.

The Enlightenment Divides American Politics | HuffPost

New ideas shaped political attitudes as well. John Locke defended the displacement of a monarch who would not protect the lives, liberties, and property of the English people. stated that society should be ruled by the "general will" of the people. declared that power should not be concentrated in the hands of any one individual. He recommended separating power among executive, legislative, judicial branches of government. American intellectuals began to absorb these ideas. The delegates who declared independence from Britain used many of these arguments. The entire opening of the Declaration of Independence is Thomas Jefferson's application of John Locke's ideas. The constitutions of our first states and the reflect Enlightenment principles. The writings of Benjamin Franklin made many Enlightenment ideas accessible to the general public.

The Beginnings of Revolutionary Thinking

Rousseau differed with Locke about the role of the individual in relation to the state, with Rousseau emphasizing the importance of the governed being involved in politics.

The Enlightenment’s Impact on Religion

Religion was an oft-discussed topic of the Enlightenment.

What was the Enlightenment, and what impact did it have …

Because man could, by the power of reason, throw off the shackles of patristic institutions and think for himself to logical conclusions, it seemed to many in the Enlightenment that miracles or immaterial things (such as angels or demons) were simply relics of past superstition.

Romanticism Versus Enlightenment - TV Tropes

However, without the anti-supernatural foundation and skeptical thought of the Enlightenment, it is unlikely that biblical criticism would have had such a lasting cultural impact.