A first world country infrastructure with a third world mentality-
The fate of European Jews was often the subject of European caprice. When times got bad, Jews suffered for it. The 1200s, for all its bloodshed, possessed a pastoral calm compared to the 1300s. In the 1300s, warfare, famine, and disease . The Black Death swept across Asia from China. It killed tens of millions of people, with a third of China, a third of the Muslim world, and a perhaps half of Europe dying. It produced the greatest carnage in Europe in 1348-1349. Europes response to the Black Death was blaming Jews for introducing it. Tens of thousands of Jews were burned alive for "bringing" the plague to Europe, as well as lepers and other outcasts. Church policies fomented anti-Semitism, but when mobs began murdering Jews, Church officials often tried preventing them. Church officials abetting anti-Semitism were usually not the same ones who tried saving Jews from mobs.
world infrastructure but a third class mentality.
Virtually all of Western Europe was hostile to Jews, and those who did not flee to Islamic lands went to Poland. During the 1500s, Jews thrived in Poland and nowhere else in Europe, except for some in Southern Italy. In 1541 in Venice, the first European was formed. Jews had lived in segregated living before in Europe and in Islamic lands, but the Venetian ghetto was a kind of Jewish prison. Some historians have questioned why the Jews accepted their fate in Venice, while others feel it was understandable, after all the demoralizing events during the previous centuries, which climaxed with mass murders and expulsions from Spain, and further expulsions and murders when Spaniards conquered Northern Italy. There was a certain passivity and acceptance of their condition. It was partly due to their religious convictions. It was also an attitude remarked upon as they were being herded to their deaths in World War II.
From that time forward, Jews would not be safe in Europe. There had been slaughters of Jews before, many times, but that part of the world was very violent. The massacres of 1096 were Christian Europe's first with a decidedly religious, anti-Jewish fervor. That first Crusade was the most successful, and was a thoroughly imperial venture that climaxed with "liberating" Jerusalem from Muslims. Christian fanaticism fueled the fire of those marching hordes. The Crusaders laid siege to the Holy City, and when they breached the walls they massacred nearly every inhabitant. The city was bathed in infidel blood. It was an Old-Testament-style bloodbath. One could not navigate the city without walking on bodies, sloshing through pools of blood, and seeing heaps of severed heads. As when , the Crusaders turned the slaughter into a sacred affair, the knights sobbed for excesses of joy as they bathed in infidel blood, cooked up Muslims and ate them, and other wonders. Those are not -ish allegations, but events proudly written up by the Crusaders and their chroniclers themselves.
February 10, 2010 New York Times* By TIMOTHY EGAN
Although the fur business was about the only one that created some actual "wealth" for Europe, it was short-lived wealth, as the animals that provided the fur were driven to extinction, and by the Revolutionary War, . Beaver-skin hats became the day's fashion, which drove the beaver to extinction in most of the USA. Bison robes were another short-lived fashion item, which was a native "industry" while the natives and bison lasted. Wealth-producing" activity that is really a short-lived plunder is not really wealth producing, which remarked on. It is stealing wealth from future generations, and is really a net reduction of wealth. The issue of creating or husbanding sustainable resources was completely alien to European thought, and is not being practiced to any degree of significance even today. Throughout the long centuries of the New World's rape, there were few observations that plundering resources like there was no tomorrow, would guarantee that there no tomorrow. Ironically, one of the few to observe it was the first on the scene. Columbus, himself the architect of , said that the reckless squandering of native life by the Spaniards on Española would be detrimental in the end, . For the next four centuries, his voice was one of the few in the wilderness.
60 Worst Countries in the World | World Picture News
Aryanization companies were formed in Germany, and bonds of those firms were even sold on the American securities markets, although not advertised as such. The Germans kept a tight grip on repatriation of profits, and American firms investing in Germany had to keep plowing their profits back into the German economy. One of the most lucrative investments was the Aryanization program, which was where much of the profits were reinvested. Until 1938, the Aryanization program was "voluntary" for the Jews. The Third Reich was not closely involved with the Aryanization programs at first. The people making the early killing in the Aryanization programs were German bankers, industrialists, and other elites, and their rich friends from America and elsewhere also feasted.
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Most of the bloodshed occurred in wars fought between the European powers on European soil. The Thirty Years' War and the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars killed about nine million people in total, and nearly half were civilian casualties. Others on that list were fought abroad, as the powers vied for the right to pillage the world, as with the French and Indian Wars, which included the wars of William, George, and Anne. Then their imperial descendants fought their own wars, as with the Boer War. European powers also had internal wars, such as the French Revolution, the English Revolution, the Russian Revolution, and the Revolutions of 1848 (numerous nations). Their colonies had wars to break free from the mother countries, as with the Mexican Revolution, the American Revolution, the , the many , and in the postwar years of the 20th century, there were revolutions throughout the colonized world.