Julius Caesar Characters review at Absolute Shakespeare

A summary of Act II, scenes ii–iv in William Shakespeare's Julius Caesar
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Julius Caesar (SparkNotes Literature Guide Series) ..

52 BC -
Battle of Alesia: Caesar lays siege to Alesia and is simultaneously lain under siege by the Gallic leader Vercingetorix; Caesar defeats Vercingetorix
48 BC -
July 10 - Battle of Dyrrhachium: Caesar lays siege to Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus at Dyrrhachium and withdraws before his forces can be decisively beaten
August 9 - Battle of Pharsalus: Caesar engages and defeats Pompey
47 BC -
February - Battle of the Nile: Caesar engages and defeats King Ptolemy XIII of Alexandria and Egypt
May - Battle of Zela: Caesar engages and defeats King Pharnaces II of Pontus
46 BC, February - Battle of Thapsus: defeats the Pompeian army of Metellus Scipio in North Africa.

So Caesar refused to act as ordered and crossed the Rubicon river (the frontier with Italy) on January 10, 49 BC and civil war broke out.
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Julius Caesar: Entire Play - William Shakespeare

In one of his most wide-ranging reforms, Caesar ordered a complete overhaul of the Roman calendar, establishing a 365-day year with a leap year every fourth year (this Julian calendar was subsequently modified by Pope Gregory XIII in 1582 into the modern calendar); as a result of this reform, the year 46 BC was in fact 445 days long to bring the calendar into line.

In 42 BC, Caesar was formally deified as
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Unlike the other conspirators, Brutus is in fact a dear friend of Caesar's but kills his beloved friend not for who he is, but what he could become as a King. It is for this reason that when Brutus dies by suicide in Act V, Mark Antony describes his bitter enemy by saying "This [Brutus] was the noblest Roman of them all;" (Act V, Scene V, Line 68). Mark Antony recognizes with these words that Brutus acted from a sense of civic duty, not malice, nor greed nor envy.

Julius Caesar characters guide studies each significant player's role and motivation in this play
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The Tragedy of Julius Caesar :|: Open Source Shakespeare

Popilius Lena: The Senator who terrifies Cassius by telling Cassius that he hopes his "enterprise [assassination attempt] today may thrive" or be successful just as Caesar goes into the Senate house on the "ides of March" (Act III, Scene I, Line 13).

Julius Caesar (play) - Wikiquote

Calphurnia: The wife of Caesar, she begs her husband not to go to the Senate on "the ides of March" (March 15) when she cries out "'Help, ho! They murder Caesar!'" three times in her sleep, the day before Caesar's death. This and strange occurrences such as a lioness whelping in the streets of Rome,"Fierce fiery warriors" fighting in the clouds (Act II, Scene II, Lines 12-24) and graves yawning and yielding up their dead, convince Calphurnia that her husband Julius Caesar, must stay home on the "ides of March" (the fifteenth of March). Unfortunately just as Calphurnia convinces Caesar to stay home and avoid the death that awaits him, Decius Brutus (not to be confused with Brutus), arrives at Caesar's home convincing him that these images mean that Rome will be revived by Caesar's presence at the Senate the following day. Caesar ignores his wife's pleas and meets his bloody destiny at the hands of Brutus and company the very next day.

Assassination of Julius Caesar - Wikipedia

Despite his successes and the benefits they brought to Rome, Caesar remained unpopular among his peers, especially with the conservative faction, who always suspected him of wanting to become king.

Julius Caesar by William Shakespeare - Read Online - …

Julius Caesar: The victoriousleader of Rome, it is the fear that he may become King and revoke the privileges of men like Cassius that leads to his death at the hands of Cassius, Brutus and their fellow conspirators.