League of Nations - GCSE Modern World History
In order to prevent any further violence between countries, the American president Woodrow Wilson came up with the idea of a League of Nations; a place where the leaders and representatives of countries would meet to keep countries from going in conflict with each other.
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The League of Nations was the initial idea of Woodrow Wilson, the president of the USA, and was formed to make sure such world atrocities like the First World War never happened again.
However, we know that a Second World War with even greater loss of life took place, and therefore most people conclude that the League of Nations failed....
COMPARISON WITH THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS
As the war drew to a close, Woodrow Wilson set forth his plan for a "." Wilson believed that fundamental flaws in international relations created an unhealthy climate that led inexorably to the World War. His outlined his vision for a safer world. Wilson called for an end to secret diplomacy, a reduction of armaments, and freedom of the seas. He claimed that reductions to trade barriers, fair adjustment of colonies, and respect for national self-determination would reduce economic and nationalist sentiments that lead to war. Finally, Wilson proposed an international organization comprising representatives of all the world's nations that would serve as a forum against allowing any conflict to escalate. Unfortunately, Wilson could not impose his world view on the victorious Allied Powers. When they met in Paris to hammer out the terms of the peace, the European leaders had other ideas.
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While this seemed like a great idea at first, Even though they had a few successes, Woodrow Wilson's League of Nations was a huge failure on many accounts; they broke their own rules, did not enforce the ru...
Why the League Failed by John D. Clare - World history
Most of the decisions made at the were made by the , consisting of President Wilson, of Great Britain, of France, and of Italy. The European leaders were not interested in a just peace. They were interested in retribution. Over Wilson's protests, they ignored the Fourteen Points one by one. Germany was to admit guilt for the war and pay unlimited reparations. The German military was reduced to a domestic police force and its territory was truncated to benefit the new nations of Eastern Europe. The territories of were restored to France. German colonies were handed in trusteeship to the victorious Allies. No provisions were made to end secret diplomacy or preserve freedom of the seas. Wilson did gain approval for his proposal for a . Dismayed by the overall results, but hopeful that a strong League could prevent future wars, he returned to present the to the Senate.
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In order to assess the success or failure, the investigation focuses on the events leading to the creation of the Lytton Commission, particularly focusing on and considering the varied viewpoints of China and Japan during the Manchurian Crisis.
SparkNotes: World War I (1914–1919)
Unfortunately for Wilson, he was met with stiff opposition. The Republican leader of the Senate, , was very suspicious of Wilson and his treaty. required the United States to respect the territorial integrity of member states. Although there was no requirement compelling an American declaration of war, the United States might be bound to impose an economic embargo or to sever diplomatic relations. Lodge viewed the League as a supranational government that would limit the power of the American government from determining its own affairs. Others believed the League was the sort of entangling alliance the United States had avoided since . Lodge sabotaged the League covenant by declaring the United States exempt from Article X. He attached reservations, or amendments, to the treaty to this effect. Wilson, bedridden from a debilitating stroke, was unable to accept these changes. He asked Senate Democrats to vote against the Treaty of Versailles unless the Lodge reservations were dropped. Neither side budged, and the treaty went down to defeat.