STEVE KANGAS' LIBERAL FAQ - Tom Huppi
Locke's most obvious solution to this problem is his doctrine of tacitconsent. Simply by walking along the highways of a country a persongives tacit consent to the government and agrees to obey it whileliving in its territory. This, Locke thinks, explains why residentaliens have an obligation to obey the laws of the state where theyreside, though only while they live there. Inheriting property createsan even stronger bond, since the original owner of the propertypermanently put the property under the jurisdiction of thecommonwealth. Children, when they accept the property of theirparents, consent to the jurisdiction of the commonwealth over thatproperty (Two Treatises 2.120). There is debate over whetherthe inheritance of property should be regarded as tacit or expressconsent. On one interpretation, by accepting the property, Lockethinks a person becomes a full member of society, which implies thathe must regard this as an act of express consent. Grant suggests thatLocke's ideal would have been an explicit mechanism of societywhereupon adults would give express consent and this would be aprecondition of inheriting property. On the other interpretation,Locke recognized that people inheriting property did not in theprocess of doing so make any explicit declaration about theirpolitical obligation.
John Locke (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
In Locke's Letter Concerning Toleration, he develops severallines of arguments that are intended to establish the proper spheresfor religion and politics. His central claims are that governmentshould not use force to try to bring people to the true religion andthat religious societies are voluntary organizations that have noright to use coercive power over their own members or those outsidetheir group. One recurring line of argument that Locke uses isexplicitly religious. Locke argues that neither the example of Jesusnor the teaching of the New Testament gives any indication that forceis a proper way to bring people to salvation. He also frequentlypoints out what he takes to be clear evidence of hypocrisy, namelythat those who are so quick to persecute others for small differencesin worship or doctrine are relatively unconcerned with much moreobvious moral sins that pose an even greater threat to their eternalstate.
The Soviet Union is not the only one to do so, there are many countries that have tried to rule as a totalitarian and people will try to do so in the future.
The Soviet Union
Rejection of Liberalism in the Past and Present
Under Joseph Stalin's rule, people were not given the rights and freedoms to express their opinion.