Muscular Dystrophy: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are many different types of muscular dystrophy. The most common ones are:
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Muscular Dystrophy and Neuromuscular Disease | …

Muscular dystrophy is usually diagnosed in children between 3 and 6 years of age. Early signs of the illness include a delay in walking, difficulty rising from a sitting or lying position, and frequent falling, with weakness typically affecting the shoulder and pelvic muscle as one of the initial symptoms. The following are the most common symptoms of muscular dystrophy. However, each child may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms may include:

Treatment depends on the type of muscular dystrophy. Options include medicines, physical therapy, surgery and other procedures, such as:
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Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy | Pfizer: One of the …

Muscular dystrophy is a group of diseases affecting the muscles that control movement. These diseases gradually cause weakness. There is no cure for muscular dystrophy. But medicines and physical therapy can help manage symptoms and slow down disease progression.

Other forms of the disease are Emery–Dreifuss, oculopharyngeal, distal and congenital muscular dystrophy.
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Muscular dystrophy is often diagnosed through genetic tests. Doctors may test people with a family history of the disease. A genetic counsellor may help with the testing.

The symptoms of muscular dystrophy may resemble other conditions or medical problems. Always consult your child's doctor for a diagnosis.
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Muscular Dystrophy Symptoms & Risk Factors + …

This diagram shows just a fraction of the neuromuscular disorders covered by Muscular Dystrophy Canada. Disorders in dark grey bubbles are more prevalent than those in light grey. All neuromuscular disorders are considered rare or “orphan” diseases.

Types of Muscular Dystrophy - Verywell

While not exclusively a childhood disease, there are many types of neuromuscular disorders that affect school-aged children. Muscular Dystrophy Canada’s programs and resources are designed to enable teachers and schools with the right tools to help students succeed!

Association of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy With …

Duchenne muscular dystrophy is a genetic disease which means it is inherited. Our genes determine our traits, such as eye color and blood type. Genes are contained in the cells of our bodies on stick-like structures called chromosomes. There are normally 46 chromosomes in each cell of our body, or 23 pairs. The first 22 pairs are shared in common between males and females, while the last pair determine gender and are called the sex chromosome pair: females have two X chromosomes, while males have one X and one Y chromosome.

| Muscular Dystrophy Association

Duchenne muscular dystrophy is caused by an X-linked recessive gene. "X-linked" means that the gene causing the trait or the disorder is located on the X chromosome. Genes on the X chromosome can be recessive or dominant, and their expression in females and males is not the same because the genes on the Y chromosome do not exactly pair up with the genes on the X. X-linked recessive genes are expressed in females only if there are two copies of the gene (one on each X chromosome). However, for males there only needs to be one copy of an X-linked recessive gene in order for the trait or disorder to be expressed. For example, a woman can carry a recessive gene on one of the X chromosomes unknowingly, and pass it on to a son, who will express the trait or disease.

About Muscular Dystrophy | Muscular Dystrophy Canada

A tell-tale clinical characteristic for Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is Gowers' sign. Children with Duchenne muscular dystrophy find it very hard to get up from a sitting or lying position on the floor. They first pull up to their hands and knees. The child walks his or her hands up their legs to brace themselves as they rise to a standing position.