The One-Child Policy In China: Everything You Need To …
The thing that is so horrible about this law is the fact that the couples can’t choose the future of their family; they are forced to kill their own children before they are born, without having the power to do anything. In 2013, 400 million abortions were made. I think the family has been destroyed by this law; the dream of having the family you want has been torn apart, along with many innocent children’s lives. The fact that women are forced to have an abortion is another horrible detail of the One Children Policy. Today’s society says that every woman should be able to decide what to do with her body because it’s hers and nobody else. So the woman in question should have the right to decide if she wants to have an abortion or not.
China to Ease Longtime Policy of 1-Child Limit - The …
Second, what was appropriate in 1979 may not be so now. China has undergone massive socioeconomic change during the past 25 years. With the freedoms that have resulted from wealth and globalization, the one-child policy seems increasingly anachronistic. Increased wealth and freedom also make it harder for the government to enforce the policy. Economic disincentives are not a deterrent to many wealthy people, and increased freedom of movement has made it difficult for family-planning authorities to track down people if they choose to flout the regulations.
Even if having only one child does no great harm directly to parents, many will object that it would severely harm us as a society. Some may argue that a declining population will cause the economy to collapse. (China’s change stems in part from its concern over how to maintain an aging population with a diminishing workforce.) Others will focus on the moral transgression — believing it will necessitate forced abortions or sterilizations, or the repression of religions that forbid contraception. Others worry that a one-child policy will result in a gender imbalance, as parents opt for a male child. We know this has happened in China, and how much worse that would be if it were worldwide.
Innocent victim of China's one child policy
China’s One Child Policy may be objectionable on humanist or religious grounds but its actual impact on births is underwhelming. Concessions in the original legislation already exempt minorities and families where both parents are themselves single children; they allow rural residents to have a second baby in case the first one is a female; and they enable urban residents to have two or more children in exchange for a modest penalty. Thus, the original policy only fully affected a of China’s population and left quite a bit of choice even to those fully affected. China’s Total Fertility Rate (TFR) declined during the One Child era but it was before the policy came into effect - down from around 6 births per woman in the 1960s to 2.63 in 1980.
One-Child Policy Is One Big Problem for China - Newsweek
China recently announced intentions to loosen its One Child Policy as part of a broader shift towards a consumption-based economy. As the theory goes, more births equal more demand for products and services as well as additional security for China’s savers that they will be looked after in older age – either directly by their numerous kids or indirectly through transfer payments from younger workers. Unfortunately, the relationship between consumption and birth rates is not straightforward or one-sided: Social, cultural, and environmental factors stemming from China’s fledgling consumer culture are pushing birth rates down and are likely to continue to do so regardless of government policy. Here’s how.
What is China’s one-child policy? - Telegraph
When the one-child policy was introduced, the government set a target population of 1.2 billion by the year 2000. The census of 2000 put the population at 1.27 billion, although some demographers regard this number as an underestimate. The collection of population statistics in China is known to be subject to manipulation to conform with family-planning regulations, since the process is overseen by officials who are often unwilling to uncover any violations of the rules. Chinese authorities claim that the policy has prevented 250 to 300 million births. The total fertility rate, which is defined as the mean number of children born per woman, decreased from 2.9 in 1979 to 1.7 in 2004, with a rate of 1.3 in urban areas and just under 2.0 in rural areas. This trend has created a distinct demographic pattern of urban families with predominantly one child and rural families with predominantly two children.