ORGAN DONATION AND TRANSPLANTATION: AN ACT …

Organ Transplantation Law In India - Legal Service India
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Organ Donation after Cardiac Death | NEJM

Currently more than 120,000 men, women, and children are awaiting organ transplants to save their lives in the United States. While roughly 30,000 transplantations were performed in 2015, it is estimated that 22 people die while waiting for organs each day.

Solid organ transplantation (SOT) has emerged as a lifesaving therapy for many patients with end organ failure. Allograft and patient survival rates continue to improve.
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Organ Donation 101 | Harriet F. Ginsburg Health …

Most organs for transplantation come from cadavers, but as these have failed to meet the growing need for organs, attention has turned to organs from living donors. Organ donation by living donors presents a unique ethical dilemma, in that physicians must risk the life of a healthy person to save or improve the life of a patient. Transplantation surgeons have therefore been cautious in tapping this source. As surgical techniques and outcomes have improved, however, this practice has slowly expanded. Today, according to the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS), almost half of all kidney donors in the United States are living. In 2004, living organ donors also provided a lobe of the liver in approximately 320 cases and a lobe of a lung in approximately 15 cases.

06/09/2004 · Organ Transplantation Law In India: The transplantation of an organ from one body to another is known as the organ transplant
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Although the business conducted on this organization's Web site does not raise any fundamental ethical issues not already posed by other methods of solicitation, it does introduce a new degree of visibility that increases the magnitude of the issue. Will competing commercial Web sites begin to emerge? How will these sites be held accountable? Dr. Jeremiah Lowney, the medical director of , recently argued that just as a dating service could not be held responsible for a bad date, his Web site has no responsibility for the outcomes of its matches. Furthermore, the Web site has no mechanism for ensuring the quality of the information it provides about transplantation and donation by living persons or for checking the accuracy of information submitted by potential donors and recipients.

Solid organ transplantation is one of the most remarkable and dramatic therapeutic advances in medicine during the past 60 years
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The Ethics of Organ Donation by Living Donors | NEJM

Although the numbers of organ donors and transplantations in the United States have more than doubled over the past 20 years (see ), the demand for organs continues to dwarf the supply. In 2006, there were about 29,000 solid-organ transplantations; as of June 2007, there were about 97,000 people on waiting lists for organ transplantation.

2.4.3. Heart: an Electromagnetic Organ | The …

Organ donors who meet the standard criteria for donation after brain death are usually 59 years of age or younger. The expanded criteria for donation after brain death involve the use of organs from persons more than 60 years old and from persons 50 to 59 years old who have two or three of the following conditions: cerebrovascular accident as cause of death, a serum creatinine concentration of more than 1.5 mg per deciliter (133 μmol per liter), and a history of hypertension. Data are from the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network.

Lifesaving Organ Transplant Legislation Signed by …

Some argue that just as we have a right to donate to the political parties and charities of our choice, so should we be able to choose to whom to give our organs. In practice, however, this means that those who have the most compelling stories and the means to advertise their plight tend to be the ones who get the organs — rather than those most in need. This strikes some ethicists as unfair. Unlike monetary gifts, they argue, organ transplantation requires the involvement of social structures and institutions, such as transplantation teams and hospitals. Hence, the argument goes, these donations are legitimately subject to societal requirements of fairness, and transplantation centers should refuse to permit the allocation of organs on the basis of anything but morally relevant criteria.

09/02/2017 · What is organ donation

The United Network for Organ Sharing, a private nonprofit group based in Richmond, Virginia, operates the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network under contract with the federal government and is committed to increasing the number of donors. OPTN/UNOS, as the networks are collectively known, has developed rules for donation after cardiac death. According to these rules, finalized in March 2007, the process begins with the selection of a suitable candidate and the consent of the legal next of kin to the withdrawal of care and retrieval of organs. Subsequently, life-sustaining measures are withdrawn under controlled circumstances in the intensive care unit (ICU) or the operating room; donation after an unexpected fatal cardiac arrest is rare.