Plato's Theory of Justice by Misha Gibich on Prezi

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Essay on Plato's Theory of Justice - 898 Palabras | Cram

Every discussion of a general issue turns ultimately upon one or more general notions or ideas. Even to debate whether, say, fearlessness is a good quality is to work with the two general notions of fear and goodness. Two disputants may disagree whether fearlessness is a good or a bad quality, but they are not even disagreeing unless they know what fear and goodness are. Their debate is likely, at some stage, to require the explicit definition of one or more of the general terms on which the discussion hinges. They may accept a proferred definition, but even if a proferred definition is justly riddled by criticism, this criticism teaches what the misdefined notion is not. If "fearlessness" were misdefined as "unawareness of danger," the exposure of the wrongness of this definition would by recoil bring out something definite in the notion of fearlessness. The Socratic demolition of a proferred definition may be disheartening, but it is also instructive.

Plato is one of the world's best known and most widely read and studied philosophers
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Glaucon's Challenge and Plato's Theory of Justice in Plato's Republic

According to Rawls, individual justice is theoretically derivativefrom social justice because the just individual is to be understood assomeone with an effective or “regulative” desire to comply withthe principles of justice. However, it is not merely social justicethat Rawls understands in (predominantly) rationalist fashion. When heexplains how individuals (within a just society) develop a senseand/or the virtue of justice, he invokes the work of Piaget. Rawlslays more stress than Piaget does on the role our affective nature(sympathy and the desire for self-mastery) plays in the acquisition ofmoral virtue. But, like Piaget, he stresses the need for a ofsocial relations as the grounding basis of a sense of duty or ofjustice and he explicitly classifies his account of moral developmentas falling within the “rationalist tradition.”

Nov 14, 2017 · Plato’s Euthyphro is one of the more famous of the shorter dialogues
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First, “justice as a virtue” is ambiguous as between individualand social applications. Rawls and others regard justice as “thefirst virtue of social institutions” (1971, p. 3), but Rawls is notthe first to think of justice as a virtue of social institutions orsocieties — Plato was there long before him. However, justice asa virtue of societies, polities, and their institutions is addressed , so the focus in this essay will be on justice as a virtue inindividuals. That said, individuals typically live as members ofpolitical communities, so the societal dimension of justice as avirtue will never be long out of view.

Aug 22, 2013 · One Reply to “Plato’s Cave , the line, the four stages and justice”
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Essay on the Plato’s Theory of Justice



What is left that is essential is justice, whereby each part of the soul does the work intended by nature, none of them interfering with the functioning of any other parts.

Plato s Theory of Justice Essay - 902 Words - StudyMode

20th-century developmental psychology drew deeply on the Kantianlegacy. Piaget (1932/1948) treated moral development as principallyinvolving increasing cognitive sophistication. More particularly,Piaget saw that sophistication as a matter of taking more and moregeneral or universal views of moral issues, and endorsed the Kantianand rationalist idea that morality rests on and can be justified interms of considerations of justice. Piaget saw a “law ofevolution” in moral development, from an understanding of rules(including moral rules) as being “heteronomous” impositions ofauthority, to which one is objectively responsible, to a grounding inmutual respect, accompanied by subjective responsibility to others(Piaget 1932/1948, p. 225). This transition is fostered through socialinteraction, and attention to norms of equality and reciprocityreplace those of mere obedience.

Plato And The Theory Of Forms - Philosophical …

Most of the above ways of characterizing general ideas or concepts has been brought out severally or together in Plato's elenctic dialogues. Yet his Socrates did not in these dialogues put forward the Theory of Forms. The Theory of Forms, as first fully developed in the , is a unified formulation of these several points, but it is also more than this. For Plato now proffers an ontology of concepts. A general idea or concept, according to this new doctrine, is immutable, timeless, one over many, intellectually apprehensible and capable of precise definition at the end of a piece of pure ratiocination . As our everyday world contains people, trees, stones, planets, storms and harvests, so a second and superior, or transcendent world contains concepts-objects. As "Socrates" and "Peloponnesus" name perceptible objects here, so "justice," "equality," "unity," and "similarity" name intellectually apprehensible objects there. Furthermore, as the human mind or soul gets into contact, though only perfunctory and imperfect contact, with ordinary things and happenings in this world by sight, hearing, touch and so on, so the human or soul can get into non-sensible contact with the ideal and eternal objects of the transcendent world. We are ephemerally at home here, but we are also lastingly at home there. The immortality of the soul is proved by our ability to apprehend the everlasting concept-objects that Plato often calls the Forms. . ."

Plato And The Theory Of Forms "Plato is ..

(wisdom, courage, temperance, and justice)
Thrasymachus
Thrasymachus believes that justice is where the stronger have the advantage.
Glaucon
Glaucon's view of justice is that if a man does injustice to someone else, he is feared to have injustice done to him aswell.

Some people may call this "karma"
Conclusion
Justice is a 'human virtue' that makes a person self-consistent and good; socially, justice is a social consciousness that makes a society internally harmonious and good.
Plato's Theory of Justice
Other Views of Justice
What is Justice?
Polemarchus
Polemarchus believes that justice is to do good for friends, and to do harm for enemies.

For example: if two men were suffering and you had the choice of saving both of them, you would save only your friend and let the other enemy suffer.
Bibliography
"Might makes right"
"20th WCP: Plato's Concept Of Justice: An Analysis." 20th WCP: Plato's Concept Of Justice: An Analysis.