Plato's and Aristotle's Views on Knowledge - 1414 …

Suchdefinitions are thus a kind of direct knowledge and are necessarily true.

Plato on Knowledge and Forms: Selected Essays // …

Thus if there is knowledge, and Plato thinks the exampleof mathematics establishes that there is, then there must be some "otherworld" of changeless, eternal objects.

Thus the surprising conclusion is reached that theobject of knowledge can never change.

Plato on Knowledge and Forms: Selected Essays ..

The theory of Forms begins in the epistemological context of distinguishingknowledge from opinion, but the epistemological distinction between "knowledge"vs.

So Plato lays downthe crucial claim that the object of knowledge is "real." This is the rolethat the Form, is called upon to play; by definition, it is the real objectof knowledge.

Plato’s View on Life and How One Acquires Knowledge …

Socrates believed that all people had to do to know everything again, was to remember. Try to remember all that has been forgotten. Socrates used his dialectic method to help extract the knowledge from the soul. In questioning his audience, Socrates usually proceeded by asking them for a definition of a concept, a moral concept such as justice or piety were often chosen. He tried to use this method to prove that knowledge is inside of our souls and is independent of our sensory capabilities.

Knowledge and Opinion in Plato's Meno

So for Socrates, the senses do not grasp reality in any way and try to detour us from our path to wisdom. He believed that our bodies are useless in the process of acquiring knowledge and deceive the soul when it tries to learn the truth. The only way the soul can truly know anything is when it is by itself, and for that reason, Socrates believed that philosophy is best achieved when one tries to separate the body from the soul as much as possible. The object being the Forms, not the materialistic sensible world. The further away from the body and the sensible world you are, the closer you will get to the world of Forms and Knowledge. Socrates said:

Plato s View of the Body and Soul Essay - 299 Words

Thus emerges the formulathat knowledge is true opinion accompanied by a logos, or as it came tobe expressed in the Western tradition, as "justified true belief."This means that the real difference between opinion and knowledge liesin the "justification" (the logos).

Plato's View of the Body and Soul

Socrates claimed that in another life, our souls existed with the Forms in the real world and from participating with them, our souls gathered all of the knowledge that is possible to possess. Perhaps due to trauma of our births, we lose most everything we learned in the other world. But recognition is possible. For example, we will be able to understand that an object is triangular, because all triangular objects participate in the Form of Triangularity. We are able to see the resemblance because of the participation and because of our previous knowledge. When one hears of a person going into a burning building because they heard a child crying for help, we are able to recognize this behaviour as courageous. We are able to because all courageous acts participate in the Form of Courage -- not because our senses tell us so. However, the senses can at least remind us of the True Forms.