Kreis, Steven. "Renaissance Humanism." 7 Nov. 2008. Web. .



The humanist movement embraced the insights of many individual humanists, especially Italians, whose criticism of medieval culture and scholarship and bold pronouncements concerning man, classical studies, philosophy, history, and religion created Renaissance humanism. Italian humanists played the primary roles, which is reflected in the concentration on Italy in this article. Humanists elsewhere in Europe followed their lead and added their own insights, especially after the invention of printing accelerated the diffusion of ideas. Scholars have long recognized the contributions that individual humanists made, and some humanists have drawn a great deal of attention. The works in this section offer a sampling of studies on individual Italian humanists.

Nauert, Charles G., Jr. Humanism and the Culture of Renaissance Europe. 2d ed. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2006.

Renaissance Humanism - History Guide

Interest in aesthetics had a strong role in renaissance humanism. Humanist had a fixation with beauty that, although overall unconcerned with spiritual matters, may have offered a source of some kind of transcendental belief.

King, Margaret L. Humanism, Venice, and Women: Essays on the Italian Renaissance. Aldershot, UK, and Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2005.

Argues that Baron’s own personal crisis (namely, his forced move from Germany to America) transformed his understanding of the connections between politics and ideas and enabled him to see how civic humanism was formed in the crucible of the desperate Florentine political and military struggle against Milan in 1402. Fascinating combination of biography and historiography.

Emphasizes Petrarch as a humanist and a philosopher, as well as his role in shaping Renaissance views on man.

Teaching Humanism in the Renaissance Using TED-ED …

He represented a new type of artist, not previously known, who was no longer the upright artisan committed to the predominant ideology of his time, but an independent individual with an alert and critical mind, able to absorb many different and contradictory ideas and incorporate them in his work without prejudice and without personal involvement.

These attitudes made Cranach a true representative of the Renaissance, a man who had taken the decisive step into modern times, although his work remained in many ways firmly rooted in tradition.

Renaissance Humanism | Advanced English @ EAWR

Godman, Peter. From Poliziano to Machiavelli: Florentine Humanism in the High Renaissance. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1998.

The Effect of Humanism - Humanism during the Renaissance

Study of the Platonic Academy, a group of Florentine humanists and philosophers who studied the writings of Plato and other ancient texts in the 1450s and 1460s. The Platonic Academy was a major means by which Plato’s ideas entered the mainstream of Renaissance thought.


Celenza, Christopher S. Renaissance Humanism and the Papal Curia: Lapo da Castiglionchio the Younger’s De curiae commodis. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1999.

Renaissance Truths: Humanism, Scholasticism ..

Bruni, Leonardo. The Humanism of Leonardo Bruni: Selected Texts. Translated and introduced by Gordon Griffiths, James Hankins, and David Thompson. Binghamton, NY: Medieval and Renaissance Texts and Studies, 1987.