Sep 14, 2012 · 4
The word "primitive", "primary" besides "secondary" should not be understood as value verdicts, but simply as signs that the inventive character of the epic was improvisational in addition to oral, though that of the Aeneid, collected later in the epic tradition, was fundamentally non-oral and fashioned with the benefit of writing....
stoicism | the poetics & ethics of revenge
In fact the history of James is still to be seen in its positionin the Roman Catholic Church. In 1546 the Council of Trent once and for all laid down the RomanCatholic Bible. A list of books was given to which none could be added and from which none couldbe subtracted, and which had to be read in the Vulgate Version and in no other. The bookswere divided into two classes; those which were proto-canonical, that is to say, those whichhad been unquestioningly accepted from the beginning; and those which were deutero-canonical, thatis to say, those which only gradually won their way into the New Testament. Although the RomanCatholic Church never had any doubts about James, it is none the less in the secondclass that it is included.
Jas. 5:1-6 has two aims. First, to show the ultimate worthlessnessof all earthly riches; and second, to show the detestable character of those who possessthem. By doing this he hopes to prevent his readers from placing all their hopes and desires onearthly things.
Philippians 3:2 Commentaries: Beware of the dogs, …
The argument of Peter's opponents was twofold (2Pet. 3:4)."What has happened," they demanded, "to the promise of the Second Coming?" Theirfirst argument was that the promise had been so long delayed that it was safe to take it that it wouldnever be fulfilled. Their second assertion was that their fathers had died and the world was goingon precisely as it always did. Their argument was that this was characteristically a stable universeand convulsive upheavals like the Second Coming did not happen in such a universe.