The Athenian Acropolis - Visit-Ancient-Greece
The temples on the north side of the Acropolis housed primarily the earlier Athenian cults and those of the Olympian gods, while the southern part of the Acropolis was dedicated to the cult of Athena in her many qualities: as Polias (patron of the city), Parthenos, Pallas, Promachos (goddess of war), Ergane (goddess of manual labour) and Nike (Victory).
Ministry of Culture and Sports | Acropolis of Athens
The Acropolis became a sacred precinct in the eighth century BC with the establishment of the cult of Athena Polias, whose temple stood at the northeast side of the hill.
The temples on the north of Acropolis housed earlier sects and Olympian Gods and those at the south were dedicated to the Goddess Athena and her forms such as Polias, Parthenos, Pallas, Promachos, Ergane and Nike.
The Acropolis of Athens (Ancient Greek: Ἀκρόπολις, tr
There's another fascinating detail in the walls to the right of the Erechtheion. When the Athenians regained possession of the acropolis after they had defeated the Persians, they determined to keep the remains of the temples as they were, as a memorial. But later they decided to use the remains to fortify the walls. If you look closely, you can see where they inserted the old column sections into the walls to reinforce them.
Acropolis in Greek means "The Sacred Rock, the high city"
When you get to the east of the Parthenon (the Parthenon dominates the acropolis, we'll leave it until last) turn north. You'll come across the Rome and Augustus Altar. This was built by the Athenians in honour of Rome and the emperor Augustus.
History of the Acropolis - Ancient Greece
In the mid-fifth century BC, when the Acropolis became the seat of the Athenian League and Athens was the greatest cultural centre of its time, Perikles initiated an ambitious building project which lasted the entire second half of the fifth century BC.
History of the Acropolis Geography
The design of the Propylaia leads you through onto the acropolis itself. As you go through you suddenly catch sight of the Parthenon. This is no accident, as the whole idea was to impress both citizens and visitors to the city with its greatness, expressed in the crowning glory of Athens - the Parthenon, the temple to Athena Parthenos.
Parthenon, History, Art, and Architecture - Ancient Greece
(Euripides: , translated by Gilbert Murray.)
In the great Greek dramas, the Chorus is a constant reminder that, though they cannot understand or explain them, there are other powers in the world than the wild passions of men.
The great dramatic festival of Athens was held in the spring in the theatre of Dionysus, to the south-east of the Acropolis.
Athenian Treasury in Delphi | Giacobbe Giusti
When you see the acropolis from anywhere in Athens it looks quite imposing. Fortunately you can only get close to and enter it the same way the ancients did - on foot. This way you gradually come to appreciate the size and achievements of the site and its buildings.