I truly love memorizing Scripture and preparing to present it
Then Jonah went out from the city and sat east of it. There he made a shelter for himself and sat under it in the shade until he could see what would happen in the city. So the God appointed a plant and it grew up over Jonah to be a shade over his head to deliver him from his discomfort. And Jonah was extremely happy about the plant. But God appointed a worm when dawn came the next day and it attacked the plant and it withered. When the sun came up God appointed a scorching east wind, and the sun beat down on Jonah’s head so that he became faint and begged with all his soul to die, saying, “Death is better to me than life.”
Jonah 4:8 When the sun rose, God provided a scorching …
Jonah is an anti-prophet. He exhibits the opposite of just and pious behavior. We are supposed to see how ridiculous his reactions are to the storm, to the forgiveness of his enemies, and to the loss of the gourd plant. The consistent lesson of the book is "Don't be like Jonah."
I love Jonah more than any of the other prophets. He may be a moron, but he's my kind of moron. As with Simon Peter, I can identify with all of the mistakes that Jonah makes. Neither the author nor God condemns Jonah for his blindness, deafness, and stubborn self-centeredness. We don't know how Jonah's story ends. He is the only bad person in the book who does not repent of his wrongdoing, but God has not crushed him or given up on him. The Lord who made the heavens and the earth, the Creator who labors to give birth to every living thing, loves Jonah, his wayward son--and the cattle, too!
And Jonah was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights
Not from the creation of the world, as say the Jews (p); for this is to be understood, not of the formation or making of it; but of the ordering and disposition of it by the providence of God to be near the ship, and its mouth open to receive Jonah, as soon as he was cast forth from thence: and a great one it must be, to take him at once into its mouth, and swallow him down its throat, and retain him whole in its belly; and such great fishes there are in the sea, particularly the "carcharias", or dog fish; the same with Triton's dog, said to swallow Hercules, in which he was three days; and which fable perhaps took its rise from hence.
The book of Jonah | The Living Word Library
And it came to pass, when the sun did arise, that God prepared a vehement east wind; and the sun beat on the head of Jonah, that he fainted, and wished in himself to die, and said, It is better for me to die than to live.
In the latter chapter Jesus himself referred to the story of Jonah
Father Barron--and the sacred scripture, inspired by the Holy Spirit in all of its parts--says that Jonah prays. Barron calls this "a beautiful detail." I respectfully disagree. Barron's interpretation is beautiful, but the intrusion of the psalm of thanksgiving weakens the literary structure of the book.