Overcrowdingin the Household: An Analysis of Determinants and Effects.

Social and Psychological Effects of Overcrowding in ..

This guide begins by describing the problem and reviewing the factors that increase the risks of school traffic congestion. It then identifies a series of questions to help you analyze your local problem. Finally, it reviews responses to the problem, and what is known about them from evaluative research and local practice.

Otherfindings in the literature include the ‘selective and modest’ effects ofovercrowding on human sexual behaviour (Edwards and Booth 1977).

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High school student drivers may also contribute to traffic congestion problems around schools, particularly because they are inexperienced drivers who often disregard traffic and parking signs . However, this source of the problem is easily addressed by requiring students to get parking permits or to park in remote lots, or to prohibit students from driving to school altogether . Perhaps for this reason, the literature on this topic rarely attributes traffic congestion to student drivers. (Related problems, such as vandalism, litter, and disorder around high school parking lots, are quite common but are not addressed in this guide). Nonetheless, most of the effective responses in this guide apply in the high school context.

In some jurisdictions, reduced budgets have led to the elimination of busing systems, thereby increasing the use of cars and the congestion they create. In other school districts, busing has increased to promote more racially and socioeconomically balanced student bodies. In some cases, however, busing can contribute to congestion problems, such as when buses share the same drop-off and pick-up lanes as parents vehicles. Even in districts that provide busing with adequate space and effective loading and unloading arrangements, some parents may prefer to drive their children to school, thereby exacerbating traffic congestion.

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The planning commission delayed ruling on the proposed development last month to give time for the Jenkins’ representatives to talk with neighbors, who came out in force to opposed the development, saying that many new homes would overcrowd schools, roads and strain other infrastructure such as water and sewer systems.

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Understanding the factors that contribute to your problem will help you frame your own local analysis questions, determine effective measures, recognize key intervention points, and select appropriate responses to the problem of school traffic congestion. The following factors contribute to school traffic congestion.

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Several residents said they would prefer those uses to a huge development of tightly-packed homes that would bring with them hundreds of additional cars on the congested roads and more students in overcrowded schools.

Is there a problem in our schools? - Lambton Shield

Social and psychologicaleffects of overcrowding are experienced among individuals and within relationships at thefollowing levels:

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School-related traffic congestion and the risks such congestion poses to the safety of the students, teachers, parents, residents, and motorists in and around school locations is a significant problem in communities both throughout the United States and abroad. The most obvious cause of traffic congestion around schools is vehicles, and the biggest source of those vehicles is parents’ dropping off and picking up their children from school. In the United States, roughly three-quarters of school-aged children are taken to school by car . In the United Kingdom, the share of children taken to school by car is estimated to be between one-third and one-half . In both countries, the rate of increase in car transportation of children to school has been significant, often creating serious traffic congestion problems . As described below, an increase in children taken to school by car is just one contributing factor to the problem. Other factors include changes in school purposes and populations, new school construction, the addition or elimination of busing, and the overall physical infrastructure, street layout, and traffic signs and signals surrounding a school.