10 Advantages and Importance of Reading Newspaper …
The titles selected for conversion were microfilmed between 1957 and 1987. Some were microfilmed by the University of Florida in their country of origin on portable equipment and others, at the University of Florida on stationary equipment. While the most consistently reported physical defect encountered was scratching, deterioration of the microfilms' acetate base was evidenced by tears, curling and separation of the emulsion from the base throughout the microfilm collection. Every imaginable effect of filming practices also was encountered. The thirty years between 1957 and 1987 was a period of increasing standardization; both the growth toward standard practice and every change in standards can be seen on the microfilms, together with the defects of filming. Even defects such as slight light imbalance on the surface of the source-document during filming become troublesome during scanning of newspapers reduced twenty-one times onto microfilm.
Importance of reading newspaper | Essay and speech
The Minolta products provided acceptable dots-per-inch (dpi) resolution and gray scale. They lacked the Mekel scanner's several automated features, but these were deemed unnecessary owing to characteristics of the selected newspaper microfilms. The Minolta equipment was capable of scanning to a depth of 400 dots per inch (dpi), regardless of filming mode, but depended on resolution of the image projected on screen at the time of imaging. The Mekel equipment, in comparison, was capable of scanning materials filmed in two-up comic mode at 300 dpi and those filmed in two-up cine mode at 600 dpi.15 It had no dependence on projected screen resolution; images were made directly from the film. Characteristics of the microfilm (i.e., two-up comic mode) muted questions of selection. The Minolta equipment was sufficient if not, in some ways, more versatile for scanning newspapers on microfilm in two-up comic mode.
Microfilm scanning equipment selected by the University of Florida would have to support intensive long-term use and produce images meeting a high image quality threshold as suggested by Project Open Book and the Cornell Workshop. Equipment also would have to be affordable in terms of producing images at the lowest possible cost. Several microfilm scanners capable of meeting the quality requirements were available but would have increased the final per-image cost several fold. The Mekel scanner, with software components, used by Project Open Book, cost more than $100,000. The Minolta MS1000 scanner, including software, with which the Caribbean Newspaper Imaging Project was begun, cost less than $25,000. A second scanner, the Minolta MS3000, was added to meet production targets less than one year after purchase of the MS1000 at less than $21,000.
What is the importance of reading the news ..
The youngest children spend the most time reading at home, but it is only a paltry one hour and 25 minutes a week. The reading habit actually declines among children between ages 6 and 12, who spend roughly 10 minutes less per week with books at home. Girls spend about 11 minutes per day reading, while boys spend 10 minutes. Reading rates did not differ on weekdays or weekends (Hofferth, 1998).
What is the importance of reading newspaper daily?
The challenge, which the University of Florida and the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation seek to manage through the Caribbean Newspaper Imaging Project, is the development of an electronic global resource sharing model, both feasible and economical, for information in newspapers. Born of ideas defined by Yale University's Project Open Book4 and the University of Michigan's now independent Journal Storage Project (JSTOR)5, the Caribbean Newspaper Imaging Project is at once hybrid and new. Stated Project goals6 are these:
Importance of Reading Newspaper for College Students
It was determined that source-documents would be imaged at 400 dpi with 64 levels of gray, the maximum level allowed by the Minolta scanners.19 The microfilm used for newspaper filming is a high contrast medium which is essentially bitonal. Use of gray scale in imaging would maintain any tonal qualities captured by the film in illustration and fine or small print.20 Scanned files would be saved in the tagged image file format (TIFF), using ITU T.6 (formerly, CCITT Group 4) compression. TIFF images with ITU T.6 compression are "lossless." File sizes, ranging between 0.8 and 1.4 MB compressed, and the number of files to be saved, more than two hundred and sixty five thousand, obviated saving files uncompressed. With compression, there was a nearly one-to-one conversion. Production generated, on average, approximately one CD-ROM for every reel of microfilm converted.
The Important Role of Newspaper and Magazines in …
Perhaps most limiting, microfilm is difficult to maintain and expensive to replace. Microfilm deterioration begins whenever optimal environmental conditions or microfilm readers are not adequately maintained. Attaining optimal conditions, particularly difficult in Florida and the Caribbean basin countries that rely upon the microfilm, incurs its own high cost;3 the heating, ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC) control systems required are neither inexpensive nor easily maintained. Increasingly, as well, the cost of maintaining readers to service the microfilm is becoming difficult to bear. Once ubiquitous microfilm readers and reader-printers are losing market share to multipurpose and more ubiquitous computers. Replacement parts and service personnel for microfilm readers/reader-printers are increasingly few. Taken together, the costs of acquiring, maintaining, servicing and replacing microfilm is becoming prohibitive particularly throughout the Caribbean where poor climate and weak economies converge.