Heroes Guide - The Sims Medieval Hero List
HAIR-SHIRT: A garment made of a linen chemise with animal skin (usually goat skin) on the hidden, inner side of the material. The hair-shirt was fashioned so the hairy side of the skin faced inward, rubbing against the body, rather than outward. Typically, the goat-hair would be cut short--at stubble-length--so that it would be rough and scrape like sandpaper against the human flesh against it. Wearing a hairshirt as an act of penitence was one way a medieval sinner could "mortify the flesh," i.e., punish the human body for corporeal sins like lust or gluttony and reassert the dominance of the will or intellect above that of the fleshly shell. In the Book of Margery Kempe, Kempe describes wearing a hair-shirt to mortify her flesh. On the death of Saint Thomas Becket, it was said that he had worn the same hair shirt and breeches of the same material until his martyrdom, when "it [the hair-shirt] swarmed with vermin" as fleas and lice fled from his dying body. Thomas More, the author of Utopia, wore a hair-shirt on special occasions and on Fridays--also the days he practiced flagellation.
An Overview of the Heroes in The Sims Medieval
RUNE: In a writing system designed to be scratched or carved on a flat surface such as wood or stone, the individual letters are known as runes. Typically, these markings have few or no curves, circles, or dots, but instead, each mark consists of a number of straight cuts or strokes. (The strokes may, however, involve complex combinations of vertical, horizontal, and diagonal lines.) Runic writing systems tend to appear in areas where paper or parchment are scarce or unknown or where ink is commonly unavailable. Typical runic marks might indicate ownership of a house or object, they may be magic spells designed to be cut or scratched on a shield as a pagan protective charm, and they may mark boundary stones. It is accordinly rare to find lengthy literary writings done in runes--which naturally tend to force brevity upon the communicant given the effort involved in cutting or carving them. Runes were common among ancient and medieval inhabitants of Scandinavia, the continental Germanic tribes, and among the Anglo-Saxons who invaded Britain. By the High Middle Ages, parchment, pen, and ink had largely displaced the runic writing systems. Contrast with markings among the Celts.
As the many socio-political revolutions of the late eighteenth-century established new social orders and new ways of life and thought, so composers of the period broke new musical ground by adding a new emotional depth to the prevailing classical forms. Throughout the remainder of the nineteenth-century (from ca. 1820 to 1900), artists of all kinds became intent in expressing their subjective, personal emotions. "Romanticism" derives its name from the romances of medieval times -- long poems telling stories of heroes and chivalry, of distant lands and far away places, and often of unattainable love. The romantic artists are the first in history to give to themselves the name by which they are identified.