Early Romantic Guitar Recordings, Artists, and Events
The Romantic period was largely a reaction against the ideology of the Enlightenment period that dominated much of European philosophy, politics, and art from the mid-17th century until the close of the 18th century. Whereas Enlightenment thinkers value logic, reason, and rationality, Romantics value emotion, passion, and individuality. Chris Baldick provides the following description: “Rejecting the ordered rationality of the Enlightenment as mechanical, impersonal, and artificial, the Romantics turned to the emotional directness of personal experience and to the boundlessness of individual imagination and aspiration” ().These values manifested themselves in literature in several important ways, listed below. It is important to keep in mind that nothing on this list describes all Romantic literature or all Romantic writers. These general ideas, however, provide a reasonable description of tendencies which would have been fairly commonplace amongst Romantics.
Definitions of the canon of any period are constantly in flux, but for the Romantic Era in England, there are six writers who will doubtless find their way into any such definition. They are listed here in chronological order based on birth:William Blake (1757 – 1827):
Blake is famous not only for his poems, but for the illuminated plates on which he printed them.
Claude Debussy | The Classical Music Cicerone
An examination of the madrigals of Monteverdi, written over a fifty year period, reveals many of the stylistic changes that signaled the transition from Renaissance to Baroque. Monteverdi's early madrigals (written 1587-1603) were composed in the style of the high Renaissance. Similar in character to the works of Marenzio in their use of chromaticism, they nevertheless begin a departure from the ideal of equality of voices and moved toward the Baroque notion of soprano-bass polarity. In contrast, his last four books of madrigals (written 1605-1638) include independent instrumental sections contrasted with choral interludes (concertato style) and increasing use of figured bass.
Regarded a precursor to opera.
2) In the late Baroque and Classical periods, a comic operatic interlude played between acts of an opera seria.
3) In the Romantic period an instrumental piece, either a movement in larger works or an independent piece.