By this, Bartlett meant that we try to fir what we remember with

The first issue that needs to be addressed however is what exactly is memory....
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What is the role of hypnosis in the creation of false memories?

Again, the belief that post-hypnotic amnesia is permanent (to the extent that the person is unable to remember any of the events of hypnosis) can be defused by explaining that amnesia is reversible, and that when the amnesia suggestion is administered, a post hypnotic cue ("now you can remember everything") will be given so as to relieve the amnesia. On some occasions, also, when an affect-laden memory is elicited, the operator may place the onus upon the hypnotized person to decide how much, if any, of the traumatic material s/he wishes to recall. For a more detailed treatment of these issues, see J. R. Hilgard, (1974).

The human memory consists of a process in which memories are stored and remembered.
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Strengths of Reconstructive Memory Theory.

There are of course alternative explanations of why you have (E).Perhaps you are hallucinating that the hat is blue. Perhaps an evildemon makes the hat look blue to you when in fact it is red. Perhapsyou are the sort of person to whom hats always look blue. Anexplanatory coherentist would say that, compared with these, the hat'sactual blueness is a superior explanation. That's why your arejustified in believing (H). Note that an explanatory coherentist canalso explain the lack of justification. Suppose you rememberthat you just took a hallucinatory drug that makes things look blue toyou. That would prevent you from being justified in believing (H). Theexplanatory coherentist can account for this by pointing out that, inthe case we are considering now, the truth of (H) would not be thebest explanation of why you are having experience (E). Rather,your having taken the hallucinatory drug would be an explanation atleast as good as the assumption as (H) is true. That's why, accordingto the explanatory coherentist, in this variation of our original caseyou wouldn't be justified in be believing (H).

In the stages of this process, the memory is formed, retained, and retrieved.
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In the late 1980s and throughout the 1990s, there arose many accusations stemming from the "recovery" of alleged repressed memories of decade-delayed occurred in or after psychotherapy sessions. The belief that memory of trauma can be repressed is a pervasive one throughout literature and in the popular press. But what is the evidence for a phenomenon of repression ?

As a result, we quite often change our memories so they become more sensible to us.
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An experimental investiga- tion of reconstructive memory.

Theorising on memory focuses predominantly on the construction of memory models. Memory models are dominated by the concept of stores and the transfer of information between them. Stage, level and trace theories have also been developed. It is widely accepted that memory functions can be described in terms of three levels of storage, namely sensory stores, short term memory and long term memory (Craik & Lockhart, 1972). This notion of stores is incorporated in the multi-store models. Various store models reflect the spread of activation idea (Anderson, 1985; Gitomer & Pellegrino, 1985). Spread of activation takes place along a network of paths in which concepts are represented as nodes linked to represent certain types of relationships.

IB Theory of Knowledge Essay | Memory | Recall (Memory)

>From the patient’s point of view, the additional inability to remember such an event can only add to the feelings of guilt, shame and self-loathing. This is a bad enough situation. When this is linked with unsubstantiated beliefs about MPD/DID, in which hitherto unknown alter personalities guard abhorrent memories of which the patient knows nothing, and by alters that can come and go without his/her conscious volition, the normal human wish to control one’s actions is brutally compromised.

Bartlett’s concept of schema in reconstructionTheory …

A literature review of memory research reveals certain trends. Early research attempts focused on quantitative phenomena in memory performance. A typical example of this type of research is the learning and forgetting curves researched during the 1950s and 1960s. Contemporary memory research emphasises the mechanisms involved in memory performance. A number of theorists are of the opinion that memory is an associative process (Anderson, 1975) and certain production systems regard productions as equivalent to associations. In addition to association based on content, covariation is also regarded as a basic relational mechanism.

An experimental investigation of reconstructive memory

Overall, there is strong evidence that hypnosis can be dangerous in certain circumstances: When a therapist is minimally trained in clinical procedures, and untrained in hypnosis, and has uncritically accepted the belief that the cause of all psychic dysfunctions can be reduced to a single factor (in this case, repressed memories of sexual abuse during childhood), the potential for faulty treatment becomes a reality. In such a situation, it is likely that a patient, whose morale is fragile enough already, will feel both extreme guilt and extreme self-loathing for having participated in taboo behavior (even though in many cases of actual child sexual abuse, the child cannot be held morally or legally responsible).