The American middle class is a social class in the United States

TeachersFirst's Native Americans Resources
Photo provided by Flickr

Refugees | Social Work Policy Institute

Increased employment of Hispanics in the federal workforce benefits not only individual employees, but hiring agencies as well. There is no question that the American workplace is undergoing tremendous social, demographic, economic, and technological changes. In order for the federal government to keep pace with these changes, it must draw from the pool of talent that is reflective of the nation itself. Federal agencies can achieve these transformative changes once their leaders and managers reflect on precisely whom federal agencies serve: the American people.

Social and Cultural Aspects of Drinking
Photo provided by Flickr

Social and cultural roles of alcohol

This article offers findings from qualitative needs assessment of Kosovar refugees in south Albania at approximately one month following their flight from Kosovo (May 1999). Common themes emerged from the interview data including trauma and the desire for emotional help, lack of information about loved ones, and the need for activities and self -determination in the camps. Framing these findings within an ecological model of human development, the authors propose a comprehensive approach to social work interventions in refugee camps. (This is one of five articles in this special issue on social work intervention in disasters and traumatic stress events.).

Events - Native Wellness Institute
Photo provided by Flickr

Social work is a unique profession in that it is involved in many aspects of life situations and can be found in many organizations in most countries of the world. Its professional values and beliefs, shaped by many decades of knowledge and critical analysis, have embraced the concerns and needs of people in society who, for one reason or another, experience discrimination and subordination where they live. In recent years social work has been re-evaluating its role in connection with the international arena of global interdependence (Hokenstad and Midgley, 1997), in particular with respect to refugee situations, in a camp setting, in communities hosting the refugees, and in national and international organizations, cannot be ignored. One significant contribution is through ongoing research concerning refugee issues. In particular, qualitative research, which has experienced a new growth in social work research (Halmi, 1996), can play a crucial role in identifying themes important to the continual improvement of refugees’ situations. In summer 1997, the author was involved in a four-month qualitative research at Buduburam Refugee Camp, Ghana. She lived in the camp, worked alongside camp staff and refugees, and collected data for research concerning women’s participation in camp program planning and implementation. Through the voices of refugee women, factors were highlighted that helped and/or hindered women from being involved in planning and implementing programs in the camp. The value of this type of research cannot be underestimated as few camp reports center on the voices of the refugees themselves (Camus-Jacques, 1989; Harrell-Bond, 1986). The themes identified in this research have implications for refugee work at the local (camp site and local community), national (refugee board), and international (international organizations working with refugees) levels.

Poverty | Social Work Policy Institute
Photo provided by Flickr

Technology and Science News - ABC News

A study compared the refugee policies of West Germany and the United States within a historical perspective. The first half of the study focused on the emergence of refugee crises in 1945 and international efforts to solve them. The history of social policies in both countries is briefly given to shed light on efforts related to the resettlement of refugees. German and American refugee programs and their economic aspects were compared in the second half of the study. Findings indicated that national philosophies, humanitarian concerns, and political interests are the main determining principles of refugee policies in both countries; economic considerations appeared to play only a secondary role in such policies. Conclusions are drawn concerning the underlying reasons for refugee policy and the different programs of the two countries. The current policy of the United States is criticized, and the inequities in its refugee program are highlighted. The dependence of refugees and the effects of illegal immigration are discussed as the most critical problems of refugee resettlement in the United States.

5 Social Work Theories That Inform Practice

After welfare reform and an economic boom: Why is child poverty still so much higher in the U.S. than in Europe ?
Danziger, S. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Foundation for International Studies on Social Security (8th, Sigtuna , Sweden , June 16-19, 2001 ).
This paper argues that the U.S.’s experience during the economic boom of the 1990s, together with its choices concerning social welfare policies, imply that child poverty in the United States will be much higher than that in most European countries. It hypothesizes that Americans reveal their preferences about the extent of poverty they are willing to tolerate through their public policy choices. Poverty is not very high on their agenda, and they are content to live in a society that has more economic hardship than most Europeans would tolerate. Poverty is high in the United States because Americans want to increase work among the poor and give themselves tax cuts more than they want to reduce poverty. The paper reviews the major welfare reform proposals put forward after the 1960s, emphasizing the rise and fall of poverty reduction as a social policy and the emergence of personal responsibility as the replacement goal. It suggests that if poverty is to be significantly reduced in the near term, people must demonstrate a greater willingness to spend public funds to help turn a cash-based safety net into a work-oriented safety net.